Knowledge and knowing in cancer research: an organizational communication perspective

Within the framework of Organizational Communication, there is an increasing interest in knowledge and knowing that will not soon fade (Kuhn 2014). In line with this interest, the present research used the method of Discursive Psychology (Potter & Wetherell, 1987), aiming at studying trivialization in an organizational context, as a strategy to know about knowing. The cancer research lab was targeted for our case study. Starting from Latour & Woolgar (1979)'s description of how scientific facts are "sociologically (rather than logically) determined", our research used Garfinkel (1967)’s breaching experiment as a technique to open black-boxed scientific facts and examine the trivializations they encompass. Through participant observation, we ultimately singled out 3 cases of trivialization. Semi structured interviews and discourse analysis were conducted to understand the dynamic of trivialization around the 3 cases. The study was then able to describe how such scientific matters happen to be trivialized, at three levels: a) (inter)organizationally; b) individually and c) in group. The research was able to outline the consequences of the studied trivializations on cancer research. It also detailed the outcomes of the detrivialization triggered by our research. Finally, the research suggested that studying (de)trivialization can be an effective strategy to know about knowing.


Livre broché - En anglais 25,70 €

Spécifications


Éditeur
Presses universitaires de Louvain
Auteur
Salaheddine Mnasri,
Set
Thèses de l'Université catholique de Louvain (UCL)
Langue
anglais
Site web ressource
Publisher’s website for a specified work
BISAC Subject Heading
MED062000 MEDICAL / Oncology
Code publique Onix
06 Professionnel et académique
CLIL (Version 2013-2019 )
3165 MEDECINE, PHARMACIE, PARAMEDICAL, MEDECINE VETERINAIRE
Date de première publication du titre
19 octobre 2019

Livre broché


Date de publication
19 octobre 2019
ISBN-13
9782875585806
Illustrations
1 bibliography/ 1 glossary
Ampleur
Nombre de pages de contenu principal : 340
Dépôt Légal
428 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique
Code interne
95292
Format
16 x 24 cm
Poids
542 grammes
Prix
25,70 €
ONIX XML
Version 2.1, Version 3

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Sommaire


1. INTRODUCTION………………...………………………………………..…….01
1.1 Background……………..……………...…………...……………………01
1.2 A case study: How can the (de)trivialization practices
be useful to know about knowing?...........................................02
1.3 Defining (de)trivialization…...……….………..…….....................02
1.4 Triviality across disciplines…………….…….…............………04
1.5 Our epistemological stand point………...…………...………06
1.5.1 Social Constructionism (our philosophical
foundation)………………...…...……………………06
1.5.2 Discursive Psychology (our theoretical
framework)………….………………………………………….07
1.5.3 Communication as Constitutive of
Organizations (our organizing theory)……..........11
2. LITERATURE REVIEW……….………………….....……………….....…15
2.1 Communication throughout the history of Learning
theories…….…...…..………………………………………….….………15
2.1.1 Behaviorism: (conditioning)……………...……...…15
2.1.2 Cognitivism: (transmission).…………....………..…17
2.1.3 Constructivism: (construction)…….…...…….........21
2.1.4 Humanism: (learner-centered construction)...22
2.1.5 Social Constructionism (intersubjective
construction)…..…..……..….................................................24
2.2 Communication and knowing……….......…….……....…….…27
2.3 (de)trivialization and knowing……..…..…….……...…………31
2.3.1 Knowledge and knowing in Organizational
Communication……………………………………………31
2.3.2 Breaching experiment to "make commonplace
scenes visible"…...........................................................……33
2.3.3 (de)Trivialization: from “Groupthink” to “real
meeting dialogue”……………………...…………………34
2.3.4 Trivialization: a socio-psychological
phenomenon….....……………..……..………..………...…36
2.4 Literature review summary……………………….....…………38
Knowledge and knowing in cancer research
3. CASE STUDY………………………..………………………………..……...…….41
3.1 Approach………………………………………….………………...…..…41
3.2 Methodology…………...……………………………..…………….....…42
3.2.1 The Research question…………………..…….…….…46
3.2.2 Observation…………….……....................................………46
3.2.3 Data collection…...………………………………….……54
3.2.4 Semi-structured interviews….………………….……56
3.2.5 Transcription…………….……….....................................…57
3.2.6 Coding……………………………...……………………….….58
3.3 Analysis……………………………………………….………………….....60
Case 1: Why 5% of co2 for cell culture?.….………….63
3.3.1 Background………………...…………..……………………63
3.3.2 Interviews analyses (case 1)………....………….…..67
3.3.2.1 Accounts variation (case 1)…….……..67
3.3.2.2 Synchronic inconsistencies and
contradictions (case 1)…….......………..78
3.3.2.3 Diachronic inconsistencies and
validation (case 1).......................................89
3.3.3 Exploring the (de)trivialization dynamic
(case 1).....……….…………………...………........…….…….101
3.3.4 Primary findings (case 1) ………………………....…117
Case 2: How appropriate is the medium
usage?.....................................................................….. 121
3.3.5 Background (case 2)………....…...…..…….…..….…..121
3.3.6 Interviews analyses (case 2)…...………………......124
3.3.6.1 Accounts variation (case 2)......……..125
3.3.6.2 Synchronic inconsistencies and
contradictions (case 2)…………………140
3.3.6.3 Diachronic inconsistencies and
validatation (case 2)………………..……150
3.3.7 Exploring the (de)trivialization dynamic
(case 2)…............................................................................…161
3.3.8 Primary findings (case 2)……………………..……184
Knowledge and knowing in cancer research
Case 3: Do you own your research?...............................187
3.3.9 Background (case 3)…………………..………..…….187
3.3.10 Interviews analyses (case 3)………..……193
3.3.10.1 Accounts variation (case 3)…….....194
3.3.10.2 Synchronic inconsistencies and
contradictions (case 3)………..….…218
3.3.10.3 Diachronic inconsistencies and
validation (case 3)…..…....................…232
3.3.11 Exploring the (de)trivialization
dynamic (case 3)…………………………......254
3.3.12 Primary findings (case 3)………...…..……273
4. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS ……………………………………277
4.1 Findings………………………….……………...…….......277
4.2 Discussions……………...……………….........…………291
4.2.1 ANT and our research...…...……291
4.2.2 The actor-network
Traceability...…................................…295
4.2.3 From Callon's “mobilisation”
to Cooren’s“ventriloquism”...303
4.2.4 Research merits and
limitations……………..….…..………307
5 WRAP-UP………………………………………………….....…..........…...………311
GLOSSARY OF BIOLOGY TERMS…...……………..……………….317
REFERENCES………………...……………..…….…………….……………….......321