Representation Amidst Candidates: the Balance of Electoral Lists

A Longitudinal Analysis of the Belgian Political Parties

This dissertation focuses on the balances and the representativeness of electoral candidate lists in Belgium between 1995 and 2019. Read More

This dissertation focuses on the balances and the representativeness of electoral candidate lists in Belgium between 1995 and 2019. While extensive research has been done in recent years concerning candidate selection, wanting to answer the question of who composes the candidate lists and how, this dissertation shifts the focus to the final offer of the political parties by extensively analysing out of who the candidate lists are composed. In this perspective the dissertation provides a comprehensive map of the electoral candidate lists on five major socio-demographic characteristics: besides the usual suspects of gender and ethnicity, residence (or localness), occupation, and age are tackled as well. The dissertation therefore unravels electoral lists and investigates their differences (over space) and evolution (over time). In a second time, we analyse the extent to which political parties take into account descriptive representation, by comparing the balances with those found in the population. Finally, the dissertation investigates the effect of the balances on the electoral performance of the lists.


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Specifications


Publisher
Presses universitaires de Louvain
Author
Maximilien Cogels,
Set
Language
English
BISAC Subject Heading
POL008000 POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Process / Campaigns & Elections > POL015000 POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Process / Political Parties
BIC subject category (UK)
JPL Political parties
Onix Audience Codes
06 Professional and scholarly
CLIL (Version 2013-2019)
3283 SCIENCES POLITIQUES
Title First Published
26 November 2020
Subject Scheme Identifier Code
: Sciences politiques et affaires publiques

Paperback


Publication Date
26 November 2020
ISBN-13
9782390610175
Extent
Main content page count : 408
Code
101202
Dimensions
16 x 24 cm
Weight
647 grams
Packaging Type
No outer packaging
List Price
43.00 €
ONIX XML
Version 2.1, Version 3

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Contents


Acknowledgements  iii
Part I. General Introduction . 16
Analytical Framework for the Study of Electoral Candidate Lists. .......20
Section I. Candidate Lists and Representation . 20
1.1. What Are Electoral Lists?  20
1.2. Why Candidate Lists Matter .... 34
Section II. The variation of electoral lists in their composition. ....... 40
1.3. Electoral Candidate Lists and Political Recruitment: the Demand Side ... 41
1.4. Electoral Candidate Lists and Applicants: The Supply Side .... 48
1.5. Opportunity Structures .... 53
1.6. Candidate Lists and Electoral Performance ...... 55
Section III. Conclusion: Lists as Mirrors to the Nation . 56
Research Strategy: Case, Design, and Data... 60
Section I. Case Selection ........... 60
2.1. The Context of Belgium .............. 61
2.2. The Electoral System .. 95
2.3. The Requirements for Becoming a Candidate.............. 101
Section II. Method and operationalisation ....... 112
2.4. Purposes of the research ..... 112
2.5. The Conceptualization, Operationalisation, and Measurement ...114
2.6. Data Collection ....116
2.7. Conclusion ..120
Part II. Introduction: Candidates on Electoral Lists........................... 122
Chapter 3. The Balance of Lists in terms of Gender .. 130
3.1. Chapter Introduction ........... 130
3.2. Data Collection and Indicators of Gender Balance .... 132
3.3. Gender by Party and Level ..... 134
3.4. Inferential Analysis  167
3.5. Conclusions About Female Representation on Electoral Lists . 174
Chapter 4. The Balance of Lists in terms of Ethnicity ... 178
4.1. Introduction.. 178
4.2. What's in a Name: Data Collection and Indicators of Ethnicity..... 179
4.3. Ethnicity by Party and Level.... 181
4.4. Inferential Analysis .......... 206
4.5. Concluding Remarks About CIOs on Lists ................... 211
Chapter 5. The Balance of Lists in terms of Age .... 214
5.1. Age in the Mirror ....... 214
5.2. Data Collection and Indicator of Age Balance ............. 216
5.3. Age by Party and Level ................. 217
5.4. Inferential Analysis ..................... 248
5.5. Conclusion: too Young to Play, too Old to Stay ........... 252
Chapter 6. The Balance of Lists in terms of Occupation ... 256
6.1. Occupation on the Lists ....... 256
6.2. Data Collection and Indicators for the Balances of Occupation ...... 257
6.3. What Occupation for Occupying a Place on a List? ....... 260
6.4. Conclusions on the Occupation of Candidates ... 283
Chapter 7. The Balance of Lists in terms of Localness .. 290
7.1. There’s No Place Like Home ...... 290
7.2. Data Collection and Indicators .............. 292
7.3. Localness by Level and Party .................. 294
7.4. Inferential Statistics ......................... 308
7.5. Campaigning to Enhance Representation...................... 312
7.6. Geographically Balanced Lists and Descriptive Representation: a Conclusion. ...... 319
Part III. Introduction: Does it Pay Off? .... 322
Chapter 8. The Balance of Lists and Electoral Performance ..... 324
8.1. Selecting for Winning ..................... 324
8.2. Data, Hypotheses, and Models. ........ 325
8.3. Results and Discussion ............................................ 329
8.4. Chapter Conclusion ..................................... 334
Conclusion: No Descriptive Representation, but Pluralism..... 338
Bibliography ............. 350
Annexes ...................... I
Indexes ......... A