Computational Attention Towards Attentive Computers


First Edition

Edited by Similar
Consciously or unconsciously, humans always pay attention to a wide variety of stimuli. Attention is part of daily life and it is the first step to understanding. The proposed thesis deals with a computational approach to the human attentional mechanism and with its possible applications mainly in the field of computer vision. In a first stage, the text introduces a rarity-based three-level attention model handling monodimensional signals as well as images or video sequences. The concept of attention is defined as the transformation of a huge acquired unstructured data set into a smaller structured one while preserving the information: the attentional mechanism turns rough data into intelligence. Afterwards, several applications are described in the fields of machine vision, signal coding and enhancement, medical imaging, event detection and so on. These applications not only show the applicability of the proposed computational attention method, but they also support the idea that similarly to the fact that attention is the beginning of intelligence in humans, computational attention may be the starting point of artificial intelligence in engineering applications. Several databases containing different kinds of signals were used to test the model and its applications: audio signals of natural complex ambiences and events, real-life video sequences as well as simulated sequences and finally natural scenes, textured or synthetic images. Results are presented in a clear and comprehensive way within each application providing the relevance of the use of the computational attention model. Finally, a large discussion is opened based on the theoretical and practical achievements and future extensions are proposed.

Paperback - In English 21.00 €

Specifications


Publisher
Presses universitaires de Louvain
Imprint
Centre Jacques Berque
Author
Matei Mancas,
Edited by
Similar,
Collection
SIMILAR
Language
English
Publisher Category
Applied Sciences > Computer Science > Miscellaneous
BISAC Subject Heading
COM000000 COMPUTERS > COM072000 COMPUTERS / Computer Simulation > COM070000 COMPUTERS / User Interfaces
Onix Audience Codes
06 Professional and scholarly
CLIL (Version 2013-2019)
3238 Réseaux et Télécommunications
Title First Published
01 January 2007
Type of Work
Thesis

Paperback


Product Detail
1 Laminated cover
Publication Date
28 March 2014
ISBN-13
979-10-92046-12-0
Extent
Main content page count : 196
Code
89549
Dimensions
15 x 22.5 x 1.1 cm
Weight
285 grams
List Price
16.00 €
ONIX XML
Version 2.1, Version 3

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Contents


Remerciements
Préface
Introduction
Les limites du sujet
Le terrain
Chapitre I. Le mauvais oeil 
Un problème de traduction
Se protéger contre le mauvais oeil
Sociologie du mauvais oeil dans le contexte marocain
Chapitre II. Les djinns 
Les djinns au Maroc 
Les soirées de transe 
La transe comme rituel 
Les significations sociologiques de la soirée de transe
Chapitre III. Le sihr ou la sorcellerie
Techniques du shūr
Le shūr dans les relations interpersonnelles
L'ensorcelé(e)
La sorcellerie et les femmes 
La sorcellerie et le changement
Chapitre IV. Les chuwwafat
Échantillons de voyantes
La divination et les techniques de la voyante 
Situation de la divination 
Les voyantes et la sorcellerie 
8 Surnaturel et société
Chapitre V. Les fuqaha
Quatre fuqaha
Fqīh ou sorcier 
Chapitre VI. Saints et sanctuaires
Mūlay Bū'azza, le saint des Khénifri 
L'usage du saint 
Le moussem
Le sacrifice sanglant
Chapitre VII. La baraka et la niyya
Les manifestations de la baraka
Les définitions savantes de la baraka
Les chorfa de Khénifra
La niyya 
Chapitre VIII. Itinéraires thérapeutiques
Le système biomédical à Khénifra 
Les itinéraires thérapeutiques
Bibliographie


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