Until recently, the history of military justice has been largely neglected. As a hybrid concept, it has for many years been the subject of hasty judgments from both military institutions and lawyers. Members of the military institutions kept repeating harsh criticisms while the lawyers kept justifying themselves.
This volume brings together 20 contributions that focus on the early 20th century in Western Europe with the aim of examining the tensions, practices and limitations of military justice during the two World Wars. In doing so, it uses a methodological and original approach, from the perspective of transnational reality and uses case studies from a range of countries at different times. The contributions were all presented during multiple seminars held at the Maison des sciences de l'Homme between 2004 and 2008. Using a comparative perspective, these seminars explored the evolution of the military justice system since the 16th century.